Black emancipation officially came to Texas on June 19, 1865. On this day, a Union military MajorGeneral stationed in Galveston, Texas read General Order No. 3, which declared that “all slaves are free.” The occasion of this order has come to be known and celebrated by African Americans and others across the nation as Juneteenth. What is seldom appreciated is that along with declaring all 250,000 slaves in Texas free, this order also limited their movement and freedom of assembly and created a template for how to control the Black population post-emancipation. General Order No.3 decreed that Black people should typically be either at work or at home and that they should always be employed. It decried and outlawed idleness, as “idleness is sure to be productive off vice.”