President Roosevelt signed the United States Housing Act (the “Wagner-Steagall Act”) into law on September 1, 1937 [1]. The purpose of the law was, “To provide financial assistance to [state and local governments] for the elimination of unsafe and unsanitary housing conditions, for the eradication of slums, for the provision of decent, safe, and sanitary … Continued


Article VII, Section 7, of the Texas Constitution of 1876 provided for separate schools for white and Black students.


Reconstruction Act of 1867 shepherd in a short era of “Radical Reconstruction,” where interracial democracy begins to take hold as Blacks are voted into elected offices, ambitious economic development programs and more equitable tax structures are established, and laws against racial discrimination take hold. The reassertion of white supremacy in the South and the official … Continued


Black emancipation officially came to Texas on June 19, 1865. On this day, a Union military MajorGeneral stationed in Galveston, Texas read General Order No. 3, which declared that “all slaves are free.” The occasion of this order has come to be known and celebrated by African Americans and others across the nation as Juneteenth. … Continued


The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states on December 6, 1865 and proclaimed on December 18. It was the first of the … Continued